Lesbian Gay Bisexual And Transgendered Communities Annotated Bibliography

Published: 2021-06-22 00:26:01
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Category: Social Issues, Discrimination, Sociology, Psychology, Community

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The article contains information about the differences in livelihoods between the heterosexual homeless families and the transgendered homeless families. The target was the mental and physical challenges that these two face when they come out in the open and the comparisons in terms of the magnitude on each group. The findings illustrated that the transgendered, lesbians, gays and the bisexual communities were prone to social vices and other physical assaults.
The findings illustrated that the minority groups were at an increased risk than the heterosexual homeless. This was especially once people got to know the correct status of these individuals. When the lesbians, gays, and bisexuals come out in the open about their status, they are subjected to prejudice, discrimination and attack. I agree with these findings since, the discrimination effects alter the personalities of individuals. When individual egos are reduced, the individuals become more fearful and hence appear as targets for social and sexual crimes. The article demonstrated the need for intervention from the government in order to reduce the challenges being faced by the homeless transgendered individuals.
Corrigan, P., & Matthews, A. (2002). Stigma and disclosure: Implications for coming out
of the closet. Journal of Mental Health, 12 (3), 235-248.
The article contains information about the challenges faced by lesbians, gays, and transgendered individuals, when they come out open about their status. These people are subjected to all kinds of prejudice and stigmatization. The people in the communities within which these people live discriminate against such kinds of individuals and they fail to get the psychological support that they desire.
The prejudice and discrimination causes such individuals to be withdrawn and they adapt some behaviors that are at times hazardous. The tensions and fear of rejection is very common among such individuals since there is an existing discriminatory aura in the society.
I agree with this article since heterosexuals don’t like being associated with lesbians, gays, bisexuals and the transgendered individuals. Their sexual behaviors are considered as morally wrong and they thus de-associate themselves with such individuals. The stigma associated with coming out is so prevalent in the society that even the parents and close friends of such individuals are fearing to be associated with lesbians, gays, and bisexual individuals.
Corrine, M., Crouse, Q., & Kathleen, R. (2002). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and
Transgender
Students: Perceived Social Support in the High School
Environment. The High School Journal, 85 (4), 52-63.
This article contains information about the persistent discrimination of transgendered children in high schools. The prevalence has been found to be so deep rooted that the article seeks to find solutions to the discriminative behaviors against these transgendered individuals. Suicide and other social vices were described as being the consequences of the longstanding discrimination. The aspect of coming out in the open about their status was found to affect the relationships between the friends and families of the lesbians, gays and bisexuals.
The article illustrates that emotional and psychological support was very effective in reducing the feelings of denial experienced by the transgendered individuals. However, the article illustrates that the emotional and psychological supports given to these individuals had some limitations. This was especially true, for the heterosexual peers who were very conscious of the perceptions of the rest of the heterosexual individuals. The parents were also perceived as offering limited support to this initiative.
From this article, I can attest to the prevalence of discrimination among high school students. In addition, the support given to such individuals is partial due to fear of being mistakenly associated with the transgendered individuals. For the heterosexuals, being subjected to stigmatization under claims of being transgendered is an issue that each individual strives to avoid.
Dean, L., Meyer, I. H., Robinson, K., & Sell, R. L. (2000). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and
Transgender Health: Findings and Concerns. Journal of the Gay and Lesbian
Medical Association, 4(3), 102-151.
This article contains information about the existing stigmatization and prejudice against the lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgendered community. This prejudice and discrimination of these people have placed their health matters at stake. This is because society is very concerned about the relationships between the heterosexuals and the homosexuals. Having same sex relationships is regarded as moral decadence and removing this stigmatization veil is not expended to end soon.
The article illustrates some important concepts on the definitions of transgender. A grave mistake has been identified in the way people classify individuals. While there is a very big difference between sexual identity and gender identity, most people have never managed to see the differences between the two. Gender non-conformists persons should never be categorized under sexual identities since the two concepts are totally different. By realizing these differences, I was in a position to fully understand the real definitions of the transgendered community. Although the prejudice is deep rooted, understanding the real identities of these individuals help in developing the best strategies of dealing with these individuals.
Gagne, P., Tewksbury, R., & McGaughey (1997). Coming Out and Crossing Over:
Identity Formation and Proclamation In A Transgender Community
Journal of Gender and Society, 11 (4), 478-508.
The article illustrates the challenges faced by lesbians, gays and bisexuals, when they come out open about their status. The article illustrates about the prevailing stigmatization and discrimination of such individuals and demonstrates the need for enacting change in the society. The article illustrates that society needs to change its take on the matter and start to perceive the transgendered individuals as equal and deserving respect like the heterosexuals
The article illustrates on the failure of health institutions to have specialized facilities and approaches to the transgendered community. I agree with the article’s conclusion of having specialized facilities for the transsexuals. The equality theme should be in operation in all sectors including the health facilities..
The article’s models of research are well illustrated. Reducing segregation requires the implementation of equitable treatment of the concerned groups. An attempt to favor one status increases the vices of prejudice, stigmatization and discrimination of the favored groups. The article would be helpful in determining the best approach to ending stigmatization, without favoring any particular group as the researcher proposes.
Griffith, K. H., & Hebl, M. R (2002). The Disclosure Dilemma for Gay Men and Lesbians:
“Coming Out” at Work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(6), 1191-1199
The article contains information about the challenges faced by lesbians, gays, and transgendered individuals, when they come out open about their status. These people are subjected to all kinds of prejudice and stigmatization. The people in the places of work discriminate against such kinds of individuals and they fail to get the psychological support that they desire. From the senior management staffs to the lower ranking staffs, they all view such individuals with contempt.
The prejudice and discrimination causes such individuals to be withdrawn and they adapt some behaviors that are at times hazardous. The tensions and fear of rejection is very common among such individuals since there is an existing discriminatory aura in the society.
I agree with this article since heterosexuals don’t like being associated with lesbians, gays, bisexuals and the transgendered individuals. Their sexual behaviors are considered as morally wrong and they thus de-associate themselves with such individuals. The stigma associated with coming out is so prevalent in the society that even the parents and close friends of such individuals are fearing to be associated with lesbians, gays, and bisexual individuals.
Harper, G. W., & Schneider, M. (2003). Oppression and Discrimination among Lesbian,
Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered People and Communities: A Challenge for
Community
Psychology. American Journal of Community Psychology, 31 (3),
243-252.
The article clearly demonstrates the themes of oppression and discrimination that have been subjected to the lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgendered individuals when they come out open about their status. The increase in these social vices has illustrated the failure of community psychology to create a balance between the heterosexuals and the lesbians, gays, bisexual, and transgendered individuals. When such individuals come open about their status, everything changes in the society.. Increase in discrimination has caused psychological and social traumas among the transgendered communities and this has led to the development of some social crimes within the society.
The article illustrates on the need for social, political, and health sectors among others to rise up and condemn these social and psychological problems resulting from the society. Heterosexuals need to realize the unique characteristics of the transgendered individuals and respect their diverse choices without discrimination. This would in turn reduce the discrimination and stigmatization that has been longstanding all over the world.
Hughes, T. L., & Eliason, M. (2002). Substance Use and Abuse in Lesbian, Gay,
Bisexual and Transgender Populations. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 23
(3), 263-298.
The article illustrates the prevalence of drugs and substance abuse among lesbians, gays, and bisexual and transgendered individuals. The real cause has been associated with psychological problems that are brought about by the stigmatization from the heterosexual counterparts. This prevalence in drugs and substance abuse has however been observed to decrease especially with the onset of transgendered campaigns against stigmatization.
Many of these individuals were however found to have started indulging in drug abuse in their early teens, after realizing the differences between them and the rest of their peers. The increase in stigmatization and prejudice makes the individuals more prone to such vices, which at certain extents expand to include sexual exploitation.
The in depth illustrations have increased my understanding of the reasons behind the over-indulgence in drugs and substance abuse by the transgendered communities. Stigmatization and discrimination have adverse effects on these individuals and should therefore be shunned from the society.
Kreiss, J., & Patterson, D. (1997). Psychosocial issues in primary care of lesbian, gay,
bisexual, and transgender youth. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 11 (6), 266-274.
The article contains information regarding the emotional, physical and social problems being exposed to the lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgendered youths. Due t their unique characteristics and behaviors, these individuals have increased chances of committing suicide, and succumbing to depression than other individuals. For this reason, the article illustrates some changes that can reverse the prevalence rates.
From the research findings and the researchers’ conclusions, I agree with this approach. Increasing awareness and the attention towards these individuals, the transgendered youth would be safer and this would reduce the indulgence in some social crimes and vices for solace.
Through the proper use of research methodologies, the article demonstrates the conditions under which transgendered youth, lesbians and gays are subjected to. Social discrimination increases the chances for depression and the feeling of denial and rejection has resulted into many youths indulging in social crimes as ways of fighting the psychological and emotional traumas.
Patterson, C. J (2000). Family Relationships of Lesbians and Gay Men. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62 (4), 1052-1069.
The article contains information of the prejudice that is laid upon lesbian and gay families when they come clean about their status. Despite these challenges, the journal illustrates that these families have emerged just as strong as those involving heterosexuals. From this assertion, it can be seen that coming out requires an individual to be strong in order to counter the prejudice and discrimination. The transgendered are at risk though of suffering psychological traumas due to the harsh reception they receive from the heterosexuals. The transgendered community feels that they should be treated in the same manner as their heterosexual counterparts.
From the research, there was found to have a correlation between legalizing same sex marriage and encouraging same sex romantic relationships. The research found out that where same sex was legalized, more people were influenced to begin such relationships despite their sexuality status. By reading this article, I developed an understanding of the impacts of stigmatization on bisexual families. The relationships between the lesbians, gays, bisexual, and transgendered community with the heterosexual individuals may be adversely affected by legalizing same sex marriage. The research helps develop my understanding of the conflicts and tensions that exist between the lesbians, gays, bisexual and transgendered community and the heterosexuals. While the heterosexuals regard homosexuality as moral decadence, the perception among the lesbians, gays, bisexual, and transgendered community, is that of stigmatization and denial of their basic rights.
References
Corrigan, P., & Matthews, A. (2002). Stigma and disclosure: Implications for coming out
of the closet. Journal of Mental Health, 12 (3), 235-248.
Corrine, M., Crouse, Q., & Kathleen, R. (2002). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and
Transgender
Students: Perceived Social Support in the High School
Environment. The High School Journal, 85 (4), 52-63.
Dean, L., Meyer, I. H., Robinson, K., & Sell, R. L. (2000). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and
Transgender Health: Findings and Concerns. Journal of the Gay and Lesbian
Medical Association, 4(3), 102-151.
Gagne, P., Tewksbury, R., & McGaughey (1997). Coming Out and Crossing Over:
Identity Formation and Proclamation In A Transgender Community
Griffith, K. H., & Hebl, M. R (2002). The Disclosure Dilemma for Gay Men and Lesbians:
“Coming Out” at Work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(6), 1191-1199
Harper, G. W., & Schneider, M. (2003). Oppression and Discrimination among Lesbian,
Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered People and Communities: A Challenge for
Community
Psychology. American Journal of Community Psychology, 31 (3),
243-252.
Hughes, T. L., & Eliason, M. (2002). Substance Use and Abuse in Lesbian, Gay,
Bisexual and Transgender Populations. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 23
(3), 263-298.
Journal of Gender and Society, 11 (4), 478-508.
Kreiss, J., & Patterson, D. (1997). Psychosocial issues in primary care of lesbian, gay,
bisexual, and transgender youth. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 11 (6), 266-
274.
Patterson, C. J (2000). Family Relationships of Lesbians and Gay Men. Journal of
Marriage and Family, 62 (4), 1052-1069.

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