Example Of The Effects And Consequences Of The Arab Spring Argumentative Essay

Published: 2021-06-22 00:26:08
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Category: Politics, Economics

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The recent transition from authoritarianism to democracy by Muslim nations in the Middle East and North Africa has caused a lot of changes in the political, social and economic strata of these nations. Some of the nations that have experienced these changes include Iran, Iraq, Libya and the GCC. This paper intends to explain the effects and consequences of the Arab Spring on these nations both at local and international levels.
The first important effect of the Arab Spring on Iran, Iraq, and the GCC is that it has brought about more political stability and security. Bearing in mind that nation-states from a realist perspective are mostly concerned with security, the stability of these nations has increased more cooperation between these countries and the rest of the world. One of the ways that increased political stability has increased cooperation is through the increased foreign investments in these nations (Sager 32). The corporate world feels more secure opening business within these nations in that they are assured of security. This is beneficial to the domestic population because a foreign investment creates more job opportunities. The availability of jobs has improved the standards of living of the domestic populations of these countries.
The transition from authoritarianism to democracy has led to the more protection of human rights in that democracies ensure the adherence to the rule of law in these nations. This has been achieved by ensuring the independence of the judiciary (Hinnebusch 382). These nations have also become signatories to major human protection statutes meaning that these nations are willing to cooperate with the international community to protect the rights of their populations
Another important effect of the Arab Spring is that it has increased transparency within governments in that elected officials are democratically accountable to their voters. Failure to account for how resources are spent causes political officials to loss their positions in subsequent election (Wright 924).Increased accountability has reduced incidences of corruption in government thereby causing the economies of these countries to continue on an upward trend. This is contrary to past regimes where the military controlled resources. Since the military is not elected they were not accountable for any financial decisions that they made hence hurting the economies of these countries (Plattner 60).
The other effect of the Arab Spring is that it has caused the redistribution of resources across different parts of these nations. During authoritarian regimes, these countries were characterized by unequal distribution of resources in that segments of the domestic population were secluded from the economic and political welfare of these countries based on elements like religion and race (Brownee 43). Therefore, the Arab Spring has promoted more equity in the distribution of resource and increased the participation of the minority in the political and economic welfare of these countries. This has caused the domestic population to embrace a national consciousness rather than being closely connected to their ethnicities
In conclusion, the Arab Spring has increased foreign investments in these Iraq, Iran and the GCC. It has also led to more protection of human rights, redistribution of national resources as well as the building of a national consciousness among the domestic populations of these countries.
Works Cited
Brownlee, J. Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization. Cambridge, United
Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.
Hinnebusch, Raymond. "Authoritarian persistence, democratization theory and the
Middle East: An overview and critique." Democratization 13.3 (2006):
373-395. Print.
Plattner, Marc, F. Islam and democracy in the Middle East. New York: Johns
Hopkins University Press, 2003. Print.
Sager, Abdulaziz. Political Reform Measures from a Domestic GCC Perspective.
North Carolina: Gulf Research Center, 2005. Print.
Wright, Steven. "International Affairs," Political Change in the Arab Oil
Monarchies: From Liberalization to Enfranchisement 83.5 (2007): 913-932.
Print.
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