Annotated Bibliography On Juvenile Delinquency And Transfers

Published: 2021-06-22 00:25:50
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Category: Supreme Court, Criminal Justice, Law, Crime, United States

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David, A. (1998). “When Should Kids do to Jail?” The American Prospect. 38 (1), 72-78.
In this article, David (1998) claims that there is a controversy on when a child should be free to face criminal justice. This article addresses the question of when children should be regarded as adults at the hand of criminal law. As such, I will use this article to validate the period when children are liable to juvenile delinquency and transfer. David focuses on addressing parents, and lawyers on juvenile delinquency. David (1998) and Martin (2005) have focused on educating the public concerning the juvenile delinquency and addressing questions on the same effectively. David is a lawyer who has engaged in providing research queries on law.
David, D. (1998). “Media and Juvenile Violence: The Connecting Threads.” Nieman Reports, 52 (4), 35-36.
In this article, David (1998) explores the impact of media in developing a different perspective to people concerning juvenile crimes. David is a scholar who has focused on research of perceptions of people towards various social issues. I will use this article to identify how people develop different perceptions with reference to juvenile delinquency as a result of media influence. The main audience of David is the community at large. David (1998) and Siegel and Welsh (2012) have focused on identifying the perception of individuals towards juvenile delinquency. However, David is categorical on media influence while Siegel and Welsh are not categorical on any influence.
Fagan, J, & Zimrig, F. (2000). The Changing Borders of Juvenile Justice: Transfer of Adolescents to the Criminal Court. United States of America. The University of Chicago Press.
According to Fagan and Zimrig (2000), there has been a tremendous transfer of juveniles to adult courts from juvenile courts. As such, Fagan and Zimrig focus on exploring the characteristic of changing borders in terms of juvenile transfers. These two authors have had substantial exposure in the justice systems of both juveniles and adults. I will use this book to explore the characteristic of juvenile transfers to various criminal courts with a strong focus on transfer from juvenile courts to adult courts. The main audience of this print is the general public.
Hess, K. (2010). Juvenile Justice (5th Ed). Wadsworth, United States of America: Cengage Learning.
In this book, Hess (2010) argues that there is a need for alteration of the existing juvenile justice system. This will involve the adoption of reforms in the justice system for juveniles. The key stakeholders for such reforms are the police, courts, lawyers, schools, service providers, and welfare and probation services. Hess has been involved in the criminal justice for juveniles as a police officer. It is the experience that Hess got while working in the juvenile justice system, which compels him to make the remarks that there is a need for attainment of change in juvenile justice system. On the same note, Hess (2010) argues that the juvenile justice system has to comprehend itself in order to become a system, which is true and works towards protection of children and public at a common goal. The intended audience is the key stakeholders of juvenile justice system. I will use this edition to argue that there is a need for attainment of change in juvenile justice system. This will major in juvenile delinquency and transfers.
John, G. (1999). “A Jury Question”, ABA Journal. 85 (1), 24-25.
John (1999) presents and argument that the juvenile court has the power to withdraw and reinstate jury trials. John is a practicing lawyer. His main audience is the public with specific attention to individuals who present queries on the mandate of juvenile court. I will use this article to identify the role of juvenile courts on juvenile delinquency and transfers. John (1999) and Lucien and Carla (1999) have focused on the role of juvenile courts. However, John’s focus is on juvenile court power while Lucien and Carla focus is on powers of judges of juvenile courts.
John, H, & Holly, F. (2001). “Youth Violence and the end of Adolescence”, American Sociological Review. 66 (6), 874-899.
In this article, John and Holly (2001), address the issue of the success of juvenile courts, as well as the impacts of transfer of juveniles to adult courts. John and Holly are credible researchers in the field of sociology. I will use this article to explore reasons of juvenile crimes, the ability of juvenile courts to reform individuals, and reasons, which compel transfer of individuals to adult courts from juvenile court. The audience of this article is the public. I will compare the findings from this article with the characteristic of the judicial system as depicted by Martin (2005).
Lisa, S. (1996). “Age of Innocence”, ABA Journal. 82 (1).
In this article, Lisa (1996) focuses on addressing the query of when a child should be deemed guilty or innocent. Lisa further explores the decision of judges on the same. Lisa is a researcher in the field of criminal law. I will use the findings of Lisa article to validate a claim for my research on when juvenile delinquency law should apply and when it should not apply. The main audience of Lisa is the practicing lawyers. Lisa (1996) and Moore (2003) have an argument of criminal justice system on when individuals should be liable to juvenile delinquency law.
Lucien, B, & Carla, C. (1999). “The Changing Role of the Youth Court Judge”, European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. 7 (3).
Lucien and Carla (1999) article focuses on the role of a judge when handling juvenile criminal cases. This article further explores changes, which have been identified in the role of a youth court judge. This article will aid in identifying the characteristic of change in the role of a judge when handling juvenile criminal cases. The article has a similar focus as Moore (2003), Fagan, and Zimrig (2000) on change, which is experienced in juvenile justice system. As such, I will use this article in exploring change. Lucien and Carla have been involved in making of criminal policies, as well as conducting research in the field of criminology. The main audience of this article is individuals, government organizations, and private organizations, which have an interest in the characteristic of juvenile delinquency systems.
Martin, G. (2005). Juvenile Justice: Process and Systems. United States of America: Sage Publications, Inc.
Martin (2005) presents adequate information to individuals who would like to venture in the field of juveniles justice. In this, Martin ensures that he provides his audience with adequate information, which is related to components, philosophy, and history of juvenile justice system. Martin has been involved in the process of juvenile justice system for long, which makes him to address the issue of juvenile justice. In contrast to Hess (2010) argument for attainment of change in juvenile justice system, Martin (2005) provides an explanation of juvenile justice system and does not make any suggestions on the existing juvenile justice system. I will use Martin’s book to illustrate how the juvenile justice system looks like.
Moore, L. (2003). Juvenile Crime: Current Issues and Background. New York, United States: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
In his book, Moore (2003) focuses on juvenile delinquency law, juvenile adjudications, and current federal law. With this focus, the author tries to make a correlation between the federal law and juvenile delinquency law. This enables the author to identify issues, which currently affect juvenile crime. Moore is an outstanding author of books related to criminology. The intended audience of this print is lawyers and other interested parties in the field of juvenile justice. I will use Moore’s book to explore issues related to juvenile crime. Moore (2003) and Fagan and Zimrig (2000) have focused on exploring various changes, which exist juvenile justice in terms of law and implementation of the law. I will use Moore’s book to explore the current state of juvenile delinquency law.
Siegel, L, & Welsh, B. (2012). Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law. Wadsworth, United States: Cengage Learning.
Siegel and Welsh (2012) explore the nature of juvenile delinquency, opinion of people towards juvenile delinquency, and the law, which affects juvenile delinquency. This will form a credible source of information for my research since I will gather substantial information on juvenile delinquency, juvenile law, and opinions of others on the same. I will integrate information from the research conducted by Siegel and Welsh (2012) and Whitehead and Lab (2012) to have a clear picture of the current state of juvenile delinquency. Both Siegel and Welsh have been involved in the process and system of juvenile delinquency and they have focused on conducting extensive research on the same.
Whitehead, J, & Lab, S. (2012). Juvenile Justice: An Introduction (7th Ed). United States, Elsevier, Inc.
Whitehead and Lab (2012) present a research they have conducted on the existing juvenile justice system. Both Whitehead and Lab are great researchers who have majored in the field of criminal justice. The findings of their research are suitable for all individuals who have an interest in comprehending the nature of juvenile justice system. Whitehead and Lab (2012) and Martin (2005) have focused on educating people on the characteristic of juvenile justice system. As such, I will use this book to explore what is new and what has changed within the juvenile justice system. The focus will be on juvenile delinquency and transfer.
References
David, A. (1998). “When Should Kids do to Jail?” The American Prospect. 38 (1), 72-78.
David, D. (1998). “Media and Juvenile Violence: The Connecting Threads.” Nieman Reports,
52 (4), 35-36.
Fagan, J, & Zimrig, F. (2000). The Changing Borders of Juvenile Justice: Transfer of
Adolescents to the Criminal Court. United States of America. The University of Chicago Press.
Hess, K. (2010). Juvenile Justice (5th Ed). Wadsworth, United States of America: Cengage
Learning.
John, G. (1999). “A Jury Question”, ABA Journal. 85 (1), 24-25.
John, H, & Holly, F. (2001). “Youth Violence and the end of Adolescence”, American
Sociological Review. 66 (6), 874-899.
Lisa, S. (1996). “Age of Innocence”, ABA Journal. 82 (1).
Lucien, B, & Carla, C. (1999). “The Changing Role of the Youth Court Judge”, European
Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. 7 (3).
Martin, G. (2005). Juvenile Justice: Process and Systems. United States of America: Sage
Publications, Inc.
Moore, L. (2003). Juvenile Crime: Current Issues and Background. New York, United
States: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Siegel, L, & Welsh, B. (2012). Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law.
Wadsworth, United States: Cengage Learning.
Whitehead, J, & Lab, S. (2012). Juvenile Justice: An Introduction (7th Ed). United States,
Elsevier, Inc.

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